Re: This jumped out:
"It's not like the US, China or India are likely to insist on EU-level of standards any time soon"
Apologies for contradicting you, but I think some of them are already following EU standards in certain areas. Here are a few examples based on my v limited experience in this area.
Last year the government of Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, issued a tender for a range of refuse collection vehicles. A friend of mine worked on that and from what I remember the engines had to comply with EU Tier 5 or 6 and the bodies and bin lifts with the EN European standard for refuse collection vehicles. I think the winning bid combined German chassis, British bodies and Dutch bin lifts.
India also uses the EU standards for diesel engines
The Australian Design Rules (ADR) for vehicles are linked to the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) regulations.
I gather Australia is also happy to accept lifting slings, etc. with CE certificates:
Source: trainer of a v large heavy lifting company with a presence in the EU and AUS, and https://www.veltkamp.com.au/en/a-about-lifting-slings
Similarly Australia accepts CE marking for ships.
Source: https://www.amsa.gov.au/sites/default/files/marine-surveyors-manual-part-2.pdf section 3.9.3.
Two of my customers build high quality (i.e. expensive to buy but lower TCO and liked by the operators) kit in Europe for supply to US and Canadian customers and I'm not aware that they have to make particularly onerous modifications for that market. A US company (similar price - TCO) I assist occasionally has to up their standards slightly for equipment supplied to the EU (and in the US also have to comply with stricter Californian standards, e.g. California Air Resources Board).
On the whole I get the impression that EU regulations provide the consumer (i.e. thee and me, and numerous Commentards) with more protection.
Hope this doesn't come across as too aggressive. (I have upvoted several of your other posts.) And apologies for being a bore.