One of two things are going to happen;
1/ We'll discover a way of producing lots of cheap electricity and install a massive charging infrastructure for all those people who don't have a parking space right outside their house. We'll also discover massive deposits of lithium needed to make the batteries for these electric cars. The actual cars don't need much improvement for mass adoption - current electric cars are actually "good enough" - it's just that Teslas are ruinously expensive for most people and I've read that the raw materials (lithium, particularly) are hard to come by - no idea how true/persistent that is.
2/ Cars will become - once again - the preserve of the rich. The less well off will walk, use public transport and just have to live and shop near to where they work. Like things were until about 70 years ago. Streets will go back to pedestrian/cyclist zones with the occasional electric car humming past. It might be nice to have less traffic noise, congestion and for kids to play in the street again. Local shops will make a comeback once we're no longer driving to edge-of-town big-box stores to shop. People will WFH much more as commuting becomes more expensive and time consuming.
I know one thing. Fuel is reaching £2.00 a Litre (or £9.00 a Gallon if you prefer) and the roads are still packed with cars - mostly bigger and less fuel efficient than needed. That tells me that mere financial pressure won't stop people from being in love with their cars, so this process is going to be painful.