* Posts by jonfr

413 posts • joined 27 Jul 2010


Analogue radio given 10-year stay of execution as the UK U-turns on DAB digital future


Re: Depends on your definition of North

You can use your old VHF antenna on your house to get DAB/DAB+ signals. It has better reception than indoor antenna any day. The old VHF (channels 5 - 13, only ch 3 to 12 where used for analogue television) are now used for DAB/DAB+ radio. It looks like that the bandwidth for DAB/DAB+ in Mhz is just 1,712Mhz and that is why there are so few and poor quality in both DAB and DAB+ channels. Normal DVB-T and DVB-T2 channel is 8Mhz and supports several HD channels or one 4K channel.

I don't know if DAB3 standard is on the way. I doubt it though since IP radio is making its way in the world.


Signal strength in the UK on DAB and DAB+

According to German radio people the reason why people in the UK get bad signal is that the transmitters are at low power compared to elsewhere. For London as an example the largest transmitter I can find on this list is 10kW and some are even as low as 0,003kW in transmission power.


Compared to Berlin where the largest transmitter is 25kW and the smallest is 1kW.



Re: The future is behind you ....

That is what you think. With a modern computer and a good SDR it is easy to create a DAB Mux and DAB+ mux and broadcast on the VHF channels for anyone.

Forget about those pesky closures, Windows 10 has an important message for you


Windows is not for anyone

I don't know when it happened but Windows is a disaster and has been for some time. Forget running a older version of Windows even if it is EOL because now Microsoft has turned off activation for anything older than Windows 7. I run software that doesn't work so well with Windows 10 just because and I have been using older versions until they just stopped working. I was able to move the software to Debian Linux and use Wine to run the windows programs that I am using. Turns out that works better than using Windows (even older versions).

I don't think stores like IKEA and many others don't bother with updates on the machines that have their only job is at running one thing forever. They would be better to use Linux for such a task.

Eggheads have crunched the numbers and the results are in: It's not just your dignity you lose with e-scooters, life and limb are in peril, too


One death in UK because of electric scooter

There has been one death in UK because of electric scooter. The YouTube person Emily Hartridge died in July 2019 in a electric scooter accident with a car. I think the problem here are the cars not the people on e-scooters but they should have some type of clear marking to make the noticeable (light or such).

I don't know if there have been any more deaths with e-scooters in recent months when it comes to e-scooters.

Huawei 5G kit in Faroe Islands: Chinese ambassador 'linked Huawei contract to ... trade deal' – report


Re: Can anyone explain ...

Faroe Islands are not part of the EU. As they are independent nation in the Kingdom of Denmark they have some chose in the deals they make with other countries.

UK Home Office primes Brexit spam cannon for a million texts reminding folk to check passports


Re: Visiting multiple Schengen countries

You can be dismissed at the border of an other Schengen country inside the Schengen area.

"[...] If you intend to visit several Schengen States and the stays will be of equal length, you must apply at the Consulate of the country whose external borders you will cross first when entering the Schengen area. [...]"

Source: https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/borders-and-visas/visa-policy/how_to_apply_en

"[....] Your short-stay visa does not automatically entitle you to enter the Schengen area. At border or during other controls you may, for instance, have to provide information on your means of support, how long you intend to stay in the Schengen State, and why you are visiting the Schengen State.

In some cases, such checks may result in a refusal for the visa holder to enter the Schengen State or the Schengen area. [...]"

Source: https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/borders-and-visas/visa-policy/schengen_area_en

Equally. Visa permit is going to be required for EU citizen to enter UK from 1st November 2019. I don't know what the visa policy of the UK is going to be for people from EU/EEA. If they have any visa policy. I am not sure they have a visa policy.


Re: First problem, right here ...

Schengen is part of EU. It is a EU law.

As explained here on EU websites.



Since UK was never part of the Schengen area it never took part in its polices and laws related to the Schengen area.


Re: First problem, right here ...

I have few corrections for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.

Entry into Schengen area for a country without an active agreement with EU on visa free access means that visa is required for entry into Schengen area. You have to apply at minimum fifteen days before arriving to the consulate in the country where you are going to. If you are travelling to many countries in Schengen you have to apply for an visa for each country within the Schengen area.

This is all public information on EU website, https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/borders-and-visas/visa-policy/how_to_apply_en

Now on Amazon Prime: The Amazing Shrinking UK Tax Burden


Tired of tax avoiders in form of a company

I am really tired of tax avoiders in form of a tax company. This is costing the public a lot of money and this needs to change.

Microsoft takes ExpressRoute to orbit to sling Azure services at backwaters via satellite


Data over satellite

They must be using Ka band for data. It is on 26,5 to 40Ghz and is only used for data transfers. I don't know how much coverage they have or if this band is in use in the United States. This band is used in Europe for data transfers over satellite.


Can't bear to part with that well-worn copy of Windows 7? Microsoft might let you keep it updated an extra year


Re: The cost of Win10 is far too high.

Then you have to install some type of Linux or a *BSD to stay secure and private at the same time. Added benefits include no licence headache and related issues.

Dear hackers: If you try to pwn a website for phishing, make sure it's not the personal domain of a senior Akamai security researcher


Re: Informative blog link

No problem for me. I am not using proxy, vpn or anything of that to access the internet.

Low Barr: Don't give me that crap about security, just put the backdoors in the encryption, roars US Attorney General


Other countries

Just watch other countries not give a dam about what happens in the U.S. This stupid ignorant people are just about to ruin current dominance of U.S Technical companies and that means competition is going to appear rapidly and it's going to be encrypted*.

* Unless you happen to live in the following countries.

- Any country with a dictator.

Out of Steam? Wine draining away? Ubuntu's 64-bit-only x86 decision is causing migraines



Steam can always support ReactOS and help them to get out of their current beta status.


It works more or less like Windows 2000 today.

Shameless Facebook treats its poor human moderators like absolute dirt. But y'know what it does treat right? Robots


Re: advance its goal "to develop embodied AI systems..."

"Skynet" was here five years ago. You don't keep up with what is going on. The end of the world just hasn't happen. Since all that skynet has to do is to wait until humans extinct them self. That's far more efficient than to start a war that creates resistance, uses resources and all that stuff.

Three planets and two stars adds up to one research team made very happy by Kepler's unique discovery


Good chance for Alpha Centauri planets

There is a good chance that Alpha Centauri has plants based on this discovery even if none has been found today.


Google Pay tells Euro users it has ditched UK for Ireland ahead of Brexit


Re: @iron

After Brexit, then yes. Today that's a no.

Boffins baffled by planet nugget whizzing round white dwarf that should have killed it


Re: Here's an idea...

Those are already dead stars. This are the leftovers. Just wait 9 billion years and this is going to happen to our solar system. Earth has only 700 million to 2000 million years left and then everything is going to be burned off planet Earth.

Estimation of what is going to happen in the far future.


Pre-checked cookie boxes don't count as valid consent, says adviser to top EU court


Re: Let's report every case of this to the ICO

I was not aware that Scott Adams was a Trump supporter. Thanks for letting me know about this. I have done the correct thing (best to my ability to do so) and removed his work from anything I used to follow him on (Facebook/GoComics). I also removed the books I was planning on buying that he had made on Amazon.

I also invalidated everything I had considered worth listening to from him. Because being a Trump supporter is just really (^9) stupid and only stupid people (and evil) support Trump along with stupid nazis.

Overhyped 5G is being 'rushed', Britain's top comms boffin reckons


Re: If governments really cared about the welfare of the people...

There is no shortage of bandwidth for WLAN. At least not on 5Ghz. What is missing is some type of management because people don't know how to manage their wireless hardware.

Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_WLAN_channels#5_GHz_(802.11a/h/j/n/ac/ax)

Dear Britain's mast-fearing Nimbys: Do you want your phone to work or not?


Re: Backhaul...

The problem here is two things. This is not a back-haul problem. This is that 3G has bad speed because its ancient technology today. Then there is also the issue with distance, speed drops off quickly as more distance you are from the transmitter. At 30 to 50 km distance the best you can expect is good 3Mbps connection. At 50 to 100 km if you get a signal the best you can expect is 1Mbps speed and lower.

Weather is also a factor in this when distances are this great.


Re: More fear mongering on the way about 5G

The newest in this is that she is now running a sign list that claims 5G causes infertility. This is not surprising giving that daily-fail (daily mail) is running fear mongering news in the UK and spreading them to other parts of the world in the process (this person is not located in UK).

The irony is that in her country there are no major 5G installations at the moment or any at all. They are running 4.9G in Denmark, were she is living (and were I am going to be living again soon).

https://www.mobilsiden.dk/nyheder/telenor-og-telias-forste-5g-mobilmast-med-1-gbits-er-klar,lid.40137/ (September 2018, Danish)


Re: More fear mongering on the way about 5G

I did that, told her at what power levels are in use with a good signal on a mobile phone and less signal means more transmission power from mobile phone and that didn't change anything for her. Facts were completely ignored.


More fear mongering on the way about 5G

I had a conversation with a woman on Facebook about the claim that she was sharing about dangers of 5G radiation. I politely pointed out that is not how this work. I explained that 5G is just more efferent modulation of the signal that allows for faster speeds. It was in no way dangerous and all the radio spectrum that is now used for 4G is going to be used for 5G later. I also explained that this radiation wasn't dangerous because that's not how physics work. Was I listened to. No, I was not listened to. If I remember correctly, something similar was shared around the time 3G and 4G started being rolled out.

This are the same people that fight against mobile masts and do not realize they have maybe been living next a television transmitter for 30 to 40 years broadcasting on the same frequency that is now being used for mobile communication.

ReactOS 0.4.11 makes great strides towards running Windows apps without the Windows


Re: What is the purpose of this?

When Windows turns into subscription only. People can move to an alternative. What is missing for ReactOs are more developers and money. Same goes for Haiku OS. Both are alternative to Linux and *BSD.

So. To the question we really wanted answering: How real is 5G?


Re: No VoLTE/VoWiFi on many networks

You are going to get 5G signals before that. The current situation is to clear 700Mhz (this has only happened in some countries) and even go down to 600Mhz (maybe 450Mhz) in next few years. Television and radio is going to IP broadcast networks at the same time, so bandwidth is not an huge issues in the long term future.

Current delay for 4G networks is the use of 2G and 3G networks in 900Mhz band. It has helped that 800Mhz is only used for 4G networks and soon 5G networks. The change of technology always takes time to happen.

In Europe 4G and 4G+ coverage is good in the countries that I know (Denmark and Iceland). Denmark has close to 99% coverage an Iceland has close to 80% coverage (this numbers are just estimates based on the coverage maps that I can access). In Iceland the 4G coverage now is closer to 95+% if only counting towns and villages. Many areas of Iceland have no service or just 2G/3G service due to how remote they are.


No VoLTE/VoWiFi on many networks

The problem is that many mobile networks don't support VoLTE/VoWiFi (4G) yet and route their calls over 3G or 2G (GSM). That adds a lot of extra hardware to their infrastructure and that is a hardware that needs to start going down soon. Running 2G, 3G, 4G, 5G networks at the same time just can't be smart or cost effective in any way. There is a benefit in using VoWiFi since it allows calls to be routed over the internet instead of the mobile network in case of bad signal coverage inside a home.

Some mobile network companies have started shutting off 2G and 3G networks. Some news suggest that 3G is going to be turned off earlier than 2G in Europe due to 4G network data speeds. Since 3G isn't that good for internet connection and 2G is only useful for voice and slow data connection.

I am expecting to buy a 5G mobile phone from 2024. I am going to allow early adapters to figure out all the bugs.

Amazon Prime Air flight crashes in Texas after 6,000ft nosedive


Re: We all thought the same!

More people are born than die each day. This accident is terrible and something did go wrong and should not be mocked.

World statics, http://www.worldometers.info/

Now you've read about the bonkers world of Elizabeth Holmes, own some Theranos history: Upstart's IT gear for sale


This was always a scam

It is clear on this news that Theranos company and everything connected to it was always a scam.

Opportunity's mission is over, but InSight almost ready for a driller thriller below Martian surface


Re: Haven't they done this the wrong way round?

I can answer part of that. I am not a geologist, I am a citizen scientists and I've been running my own seismometers for the last 13 years (and I don't have any plans on stopping) and I am heavy into geology.

The shocks allow geologists at NASA to measure if there is any rock and sand layers where InSight is. This also gives geologist general idea on how the crust is at this location.

After Amazon's Bezos exposes Pecker, National Enquirer pushes back, promises to probe itself


Re: http://www.nationalenquirer.com/

I get redirected to https://radaronline.com/

Reliable system was so reliable, no one noticed its licence had expired... until it was too late


Future year bugs

Here is a good list of future year bugs. Next one is in 2028.


I won't bother hunting and reporting more Sony zero-days, because all I'd get is a lousy t-shirt


Sony - Never buy

Based on my experience with Sony Mobile and Sony Bluetooth I am never going to buy their hardware again. Its buggy and unstable. I am not surprised to read about this reaction about when bugs are discovered. At best, Sony Mobile fixed a bug that resulted in a crash when the Wi-Fi interface was in Icelandic on Android 8 on Sony Xperia XZ Premium. Other bugs (unstable Wi-Fi) were not fixed.

Whats(goes)App must come down... World in shock as Zuck decides to intertwine Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp


Re: I use whatsAp with work

You can remove Facebook.

Programs -> Facebook -> Stop -> Delete App data.

It doesn't remove the icon, but it removes anything else in the program that makes it work. It is in fact removed. Unless the delete app data button is disabled. In my experience that is almost never the case.

Google faces another GDPR probe – this time in the land of meatballs and flat-pack furniture


The Swedes

Oh dear, they pissed off the Swedes. Never do that.

Dear humans, We thought it was time we looked through YOUR source code. We found a mystery ancestor. Signed, the computers


Re: Projection much?

do you have data for that claim?


Re: Projection much?

Science doesn't care about your feelings. The data strongly suggest that we got more flaws than benefits with inter-species mixing with the Neanderthals. The human race already has plenty of leftovers from the evolution process on its own. I don't know about Denisovans ancestry because that isn't mentioned or hasn't been studied yet. I didn't find any data on it. Best I was able to find was this map (this website might be paywalled for you).



Re: Projection much?

Based on genetic research into this it seems that all that humans got from Neanderthals was wast amount of problems and flaws. Those issues might suggests a wider problem (not yet discovered?) and might be the reason for their extinction. The human race got few good genetics from this mixing. I am not sure if it is something that would have happened on its own with time and evolution.

Science article, https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140129134956.htm (2014)

News article, https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/new-studies-show-neanderthals-gave-us-some-good-genes-and-nasty-diseases-180960870/ (2016)

Excuse me, sir. You can't store your things there. Those 7 gigabytes are reserved for Windows 10


Windows 10 size

Since I have Windows 10 Professional and this is an upgrade from Windows 10 Home. I have it on 365 GB partition that today only has 130GB free. Since I don't trust the Windows part of the hard drive for anything important its mostly just Windows 10 Pro on it. It still seems that Windows 10 Professional takes up all this space. Windows 10 already has 450MB allocated for a recovery partition on the C drive. I don't know what Windows 10 is using all this space for.

Attention all British .eu owners: Buy dotcom domains and prepare to sue, says UK govt


Re: Don't worry, it's only money

European Union costs the taxpayer 187€ a year.

Source: http://ec.europa.eu/budget/explained/myths/myths_en.cfm

I don't know what Brexit is going to cost taxpayers in UK. But its a lot more than just 187€ a year.

YouTube fight gets dirty: Kids urged to pester parents over Article 13


The legal text

Here is the legal text. Since I don't see it cited anywhere.

" Article 13

Use of protected content by information society service providers storing and giving access to large amounts of works and other subject-matter uploaded by their users

1. Information society service providers that store and provide to the public access to large amounts of works or other subject-matter uploaded by their users shall, in cooperation with rightholders, take measures to ensure the functioning of agreements concluded with rightholders for the use of their works or other subject-matter or to prevent the availability on their services of works or other subject-matter identified by rightholders through the cooperation with the service providers. Those measures, such as the use of effective content recognition technologies, shall be appropriate and proportionate. The service providers shall provide rightholders with adequate information on the functioning and the deployment of the measures, as well as, when relevant, adequate reporting on the recognition and use of the works and other subject-matter.

2.Member States shall ensure that the service providers referred to in paragraph 1 put in place complaints and redress mechanisms that are available to users in case of disputes over the application of the measures referred to in paragraph 1.

3.Member States shall facilitate, where appropriate, the cooperation between the information society service providers and rightholders through stakeholder dialogues to define best practices, such as appropriate and proportionate content recognition technologies, taking into account, among others, the nature of the services, the availability of the technologies and their effectiveness in light of technological developments. "

Then there is article 14/15 that speaks about compensating artist in far way for their work and other such details. Full legal text, https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52016PC0593

Here are adopted Amendments to this new EU law. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//TEXT+TA+P8-TA-2018-0337+0+DOC+XML+V0//EN - I think this is the correct link.

Analogue radio is the tech that just won't die


Matter of frequency and transmission power

Poor DAB coverage is down to two things. Frequency used (VHF-III/Band III) and transmitter power. According to this website the transmission power used for DAB is tiny. Its so little that it's considerable good if people get anything on their radios. There is also information about FM transmitters on this website, they broadcast at much higher power.


On the third day of Windows Microsoft gave to me: A file-munching run of DELTREE


Re: Not a good look here.

I did learn this lesson years ago. I keep everything on a different hard drive for security reasons.

UKIP flogs latex love gloves: Because Brexit means Brexit


UKIP are criminals

Based on what I am seeing it clear that UKIP is a group of criminals pretending to be political party. Once UK rejoins the EU in few years (2025 - 2030) UKIP and political parties that are like them are going to in the dustbin of history.

GDPR forgive us, it's been one month since you were enforced…


What works and what doesn't

From Iceland (country, EEA, GDPR law apply) this works.

* Los Angeles Times

* New York Daily News

What doesn't.

* Chicago Tribune

I guess some people in the U.S don't know how complicated Europe really is. I don't blame them.

EE seeks guinea pig millennial hipsters for 5G experiments


You got your basic wrong. In digital system the strongest transmitter is always used. The rest of them can be used to locate your mobile phone if needed since it also reports to them.

What is most likely the problem is too small cell sites in terms of transmission power being used. Normal transmitter is at the power of 25W (in towns) but can be much smaller or larger depending on location and area were it is located.

TDMA systems are slow compared to OFDMA. There not a technical possibility that you where getting today's speed in the 1980's.

Internet engineers tear into United Nations' plan to move us all to IPv6


The reason for lack of IPv6 adopton

There is a reason for lack of IPv6 adoption. The ISP of the world don't bother with setting up IPv6 service because they claim there is no need for it. This is utter and total bullshit. This also goes for many ISP in Europe. I complained about lack of IPv6 with my ISP in Denmark (Stofa) and they told me that there was no need for it. Even if it is clear that IPv6 is a lot better in dealing with fast internet connection that they are selling (above 50Mbps speeds).

When I have used IPv6 it is clear that websites like YouTube are considerably faster to load videos than when I use IPv4 only (that is 99% of all time so far). There is also a speed element in this that nobody doesn't seems to be consider.

Leaked pics: Motorola to add 'unpatriotic' 5G to 4G phones with magnets


Re: I dont really understand why i need 5g at all

In LTE like 3G speed is based on the distance from transmitter and how many users are between you and the transmitter.

That is also the reason why communication companies want to keep LTE on the higher bands (1800/2600/3500/3700Mhz). It allows for faster speed and more users at the cost of coverage. While 700/800/900Mhz allows for better coverage it doesn't do so well in the speed department due to lack of bandwidth (limited number of 10/15/20Mhz channels can be used).

Based on what I've seen it seems to be that 5G is going to be mostly (at least first time around) at high frequency (2,6/3,5/3,7/6,0/24,5 - 27,5Ghz) in order to allow for higher bandwidth. Since at higher frequency having 100Mhz channel is not a big issue (at least above 6Ghz).

The frequency planning ideas have been published here.


Waiting for 100 Mbps NBN on wireless? Errr, umm, sorry about that


They got 100Mbps wireless in Iceland (country)

In Iceland (since I don't have other information) they got 100Mbps to users on both 5Ghz and 3,5Ghz using both 802.11ac and LTE (3,5Ghz). In Denmark, Norway, Sweden and I think Finland they are using LTE on 450Mhz for speeds that are close to reaching 100Mbps (along with other frequency bands if available and that's not always the case). What is limiting factor on 450Mhz is lack of Mhz (frequency bandwidth).

For that reason I don't understand why this is a problem in Australia.



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