Resolution and aperture
Short-sighted people mostly know that looking through a pinhole brings more distant objects into focus. In eye examination that's a way to distinguish refractive errors from other losses of resolution (bearing in mind that some people cant read even if they hadn't left their spe tacles behind)
Pinhole cameras are famously in focus at all distances,
Camera (etc) lenses begin to lose definition due to diffraction through an aperture when the aperture gets more comparable to the wavelength of the light.
Hence Ansel Adams at all could call their group f60 with their 10*8 cameras (which use long focal lenses) and I have to be wary toward f/22 with a 35mm camera.
The good eye sees sharper with a small pupil.
Bad eyes, with central cataract, less so, and all eyes need light.