Before she retired in 2019, a close friend works for a large Federal Government Agency and they had a strong mentality of:
1. Working from home is frowned upon unless the person is an EL2 (and above);
2. Ownership to a laptop is only to a privileged few, like EL2 (and above), and low-level "minions" to be handed laptops is "an affront to the Agency".
So when COVID-19 hit, it was really "enjoyable" watching a lot of the executives grovel while handing out a laptop and two monitors to each staff without any questions. (The Agency had to "panic buy" all the necessary laptops and monitors.)