For scientific validity it's extremely important to keep any model predictions or adjustments separate from the original, sacrosanct, empirical measurements. With the ubiquity of computer modeling this has often been ignored in recent decades which has turned much research into farce or fraud. The problem with this model then lies in how its output is used. The paper stating "these virtual instruments will leverage existing and historic scientific instruments to yield similar levels of scientific data products" is a bad sign. Model outputs are not scientific data.