Re: Proper weapons
"The 2nd amendment in no way protects the 1st amendment."
I never said it did.
"The 2nd amendment allows for the formation of a 'A well regulated Militia' to protect the US from the time before a significant US Army"
The USA formed a standing army before the 2nd Amendment was written. However, states are prohibited from arming 'militias' by our constitution. That is reserved to the US Congress (and implemented only in the form of National Guards). So the states were effectively banned from arming any sorts of police forces* until the second amendment fixed this by ensuring that they are free to employ armed members of the general population. The right to bear arms is attached to the people, not membership in any local government entity.
*Some states used to refer to their highway patrols as 'state militia'.