lines in history....
I don't have many thoughts about the prizes so much, since they are often not contemporary when given (picking the winners after the fact...).
But 2 items in recent history got a NP. White (well blue) LEDs and Fluorescent proteins (green, yellow, cyan).
The former gives me a camping light that will stay illuminated for a month(!) , available 2003?(NP2014)
The latter is used to see the inner workings of cells (cancer and otherwise)...never before possible. available 1996?(NP2004)
I think we have been spoiled by the astonishing rise in technology, and how ubiquitous "new" is...