Now tell the US how to manufacture it ....
.. and I'm sure they'll ensure TSMC's future safety and security!
Taiwanese chip manufacturing behemoth TSMC has given an update on its process technologies, indicating that it is still on track to start production of 2nm chips in 2025, and expanding its 3nm portfolio to include nodes optimized for high performance computing (HPC) and another aimed at automotive applications. The company …
IIRC, modern wafer-based transistors are 3D devices and the headline size ( 2nm in this case) doesn't describe any physical feature of the transistor.
For a while (and maybe only for some vendors) I believe that the 3D 'size' related to an 'equivalent size' of an old-fashioned planar device.
Now I think the number is probably more of a a marketing thing.
While fundamental limits may well be looming on the horizon, I suspect that one thing that keeps AMSL / TSMC folks awake at nights is pondering the next step beyond EUV.