You really don't care *why* ML says you have panreatic cancer?
In medicine, many decisions are probabilistic. I chop out lots of funny looking lesions from peoples' skin. 3/4 turn out to be cancer, the rest not.
Small scar for a 75% major life benefit. Considered a good cost/benefit ratio by everyone.
In this AI case, a much bigger scar, with post operative pain and other issues, for an 86% good result. 86% may be cured of a bloody horrible disease and potential shitty death, the rest suffer from an unneeded major operation and its sequelae, but can enjoy their lives.
Is it a good risk/benefit ratio? Does chopping out decent chunks of pancreas, with all the long term potential downsides, win against premature horrible death?
In the article, the folk running this study see this as a potential great winner, but see the need for more study.
To me, they have done a stunning job, with a proper amount of caution.
I know some maths, so I don't gamble. In a couple years if there is more confirmatory data, I would risk having an operation based on that AI guess.