How did they know? Did he squeal?
First rule of Not Being Seen: do not stand up.
The Chinese Go Association – the body that oversees professional and high-level amateur play of the board game – has suspended a player for apparently using artificial intelligence during a tournament. An announcement from the body states the cheating happened during online play in preliminary rounds of the Advocate Cup China …
I suppose that he was caught doing numerous moves countering currently established game theory, moves that were revealed being advantageous much later in the game (so-called "divine moves"). Human players cannot usually think too many moves ahead in early stages of the game where complexity balloons exponentially.
More than that, it's quite possible that the games are analysed afterwards by some software to find indicators as to whether it is a human playing, or if there is computer "assistance". I can't tell you about the Go world, but this certainly happens in Chess - any rated online tournament will likely be sent for analysis, and yes, people have been disqualified and/or banned for use of a computer having been detected by this method. Ken Regan (https://www.buffalo.edu/news/experts/ken-regan-faculty-expert-chess.html) is probably the best known researcher in this area.
If you look at almost any online go server, e.g., online-go.com, every game is analysed at the end using AI and a performance graph is displayed. Usually rubbishing those moves you thought were amazing.
If your performance graph show an astonishing conformity to best move, unless you are e.g., Shin Jin-seo, you are cheating (on balance of probabilities, etc )
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