If I'm going to follow this I need CRISPR popcorn.
The US Patent Office's appeal board on Monday sided with Harvard University and MIT by upholding a set of the group's patents covering CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing in plants and animals. CRISPR refers to a set of DNA sequences – Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats – and the protein Cas9 is an enzyme that …
It sounds to me like the Broad patents build on what UC Berkeley et. al. published earlier, and really is a seperately patentable item. They might owe UC Berkeley et. al. royalties on their work as incorporated by Broad's patents, but isn't that how the patent system is supposed to work - by licensing and building on prior art to create new things?
The trouble is that the USPTO seems to recognise the Broad patent and its team of 'inventors' as the "as the inventor of the technology" when as you say it would seem they built upon what UC et al had previously published.
Also, from the article, it would seem having expedited the Broad patent the USPTO then reviewed the work of UC et al, as if they had happened subsequently to the Broad patent being issued, rather than previously. Also the question is raised as to whether in the expedited process the USPTO actually looks at wat is in its in-tray, just to make sure they don't award a patent to the wrong party.
A piece of Soviet-era physics equipment may be the key to worldwide geothermal energy.
The former director of the University of Arkansas’ High Density Electronics Center, a research facility that specialises in electronic packaging and multichip technology, has been jailed for a year for failing to disclose Chinese patents for his inventions.
Professor Simon Saw-Teong Ang was in 2020 indicted for wire fraud and passport fraud, with the charges arising from what the US Department of Justice described as a failure to disclose “ties to companies and institutions in China” to the University of Arkansas or to the US government agencies for which the High Density Electronics Center conducted research under contract.
At the time of the indictment, then assistant attorney general for national security John C. Demers described Ang’s actions as “a hallmark of the China’s targeting of research and academic collaborations within the United States in order to obtain U.S. technology illegally.” The DoJ statement about the indictment said Ang’s actions had negatively impacted NASA and the US Air Force.
Tesla has started legal action against a former employee the company alleges was copying confidential data from its Project Dojo supercomputer onto his own systems outside the company. It further alleges he tried to conceal his actions by submitting a substitute laptop for inspection by the carmaker's information security team.
In documents filed with the US District Court in California [PDF], Tesla names the former employee involved in the case as Alexander Yatskov, and reveals that he was hired at the end of January to work as a thermal engineer on it’s supercomputer for artificial intelligence work, codenamed Dojo, in order to help solve "the technological challenges that come from designing and running a complex, custom supercomputer."
Some time later, Tesla claims that its engineers discovered that Yatskov was moving confidential company information from workplace devices and accounts onto his own personal devices, in contravention of official Tesla policies.
When faced with climate models coded in Fortran in the 1960s and 70s, MIT decided there wasn't any more cobbling together left for the ancient code, so they decided to toss it out and start fresh.
It's an ambitious project for MIT professors Raffaele Ferrari and Noelle Eckley Selin, who submitted their Bringing Computation to the Climate Challenge proposal as part of MIT's Climate Grand Challenges (CGC). Out of 100 submissions, MIT picked five projects to fund and support, one of which is Ferrari and Selin's.
"The goal of this grand challenge is to provide accurate and actionable scientific information to decision-makers to inform the most effective mitigation and adaptation strategies," the proposal said.
Big names in tech are collaborating with academics to develop energy-optimized machine-learning and quantum-computing systems under the MIT AI Hardware Program, an initiative announced on Tuesday.
Chip makers like TSMC and Analog Devices, hardware development lab NTT Research, supplier of EUV machines ASML, and tech behemoth Amazon have signed up so far.
The goal is to figure out a roadmap outlining the production of next-generation, energy-efficient hardware for AI and quantum computing in the coming decade. To this end, the research will focus on developing novel architectures and software at the heart of a range of technologies, from analog neural networks and neuromorphic computing, to hybrid-cloud computing and HPC. Designs will be tested using proofs of concept at MIT.nano, the US university's small-scale fabrication facility.
Microsoft last month received a US patent covering modifications to a data-encoding technique called rANS, one of several variants in the Asymmetric Numeral System (ANS) family that support data compression schemes used by leading technology companies and open source projects.
The creator of ANS, Jarosław Duda, assistant professor at Institute of Computer Science at Jagiellonian University in Poland, has been trying for years to keep ANS patent-free and available for public use. Back in 2018, Duda's lobbying helped convince Google to abandon its ANS-related patent claim in the US and Europe. And he raised the alarm last year when he learned Microsoft had applied for an rANS (range asymmetric number system) patent.
Now that Microsoft's patent application has been granted, he fears the utility of ANS will be diminished, as software developers try to steer clear of a potential infringement claim.
A bunch of toner manufacturers and sellers have infringed on Japanese electronics outfit Canon's patents, according to an initial finding from the US International Trade Commission (ITC), with a judge recommending imports of their products be banned.
The notice [PDF] from an administrative law judge this week said an Initial Determination (ID) was made on Tuesday 15 March, finding that "certain toner supply containers" violated Section 337.
The notice asks for input from the public on whether to institute an import ban if the commission agrees and finds the firms violated the rule.
Apple has filed a patent application for a device that – wait for it – has the computer and the keyboard all in one unit. Mind. Blowing. Except for one thing: isn't that what all computers used to look like?
US Patent Application 20220057845 describes a "computer in an input device", which is but one way of visualising this startling innovation. Another could be as an input device stuck on top of a computer. It's a sort of philosophical conundrum.
The patent poets at Apple wax lyrical, thusly: "A computing device can include an enclosure that defines an internal volume and an external surface. An input component can be positioned at the external surface. A processing unit and a memory can be communicatively coupled and disposed within the internal volume."
Russia is considering handing out licenses to use foreign software, database, and chip design patents, and legalizing software copyright violations, in response to sanctions imposed over its invasion of Ukraine.
According to Russian business publication Kommersant, a government document drafted on March 2 outlines possible actions to support the Russian economy, which faces extensive trade restrictions from the US, the UK, and Europe, and business withdrawals.
With companies like Apple, Oracle, Microsoft, and SAP halting sales (though not ending service to existing customers), Russia has instituted tax breaks for technology firms and conscription deferments for IT workers to retain its core resources and talent during the conflict.
The European Union has signaled its intention to file a dispute with the World Trade Organization (WTO) over China's treatment of intellectual property used in mobile phones.
Announced late last week, the EU's action is yet to appear on the WTO's disputes list, but a statement outlines the dispute as centring on an allegation that "China severely restricts EU companies with rights to key technologies (such as 3G, 4G and 5G) from protecting these rights when their patents are used illegally or without appropriate compensation by, for example, Chinese mobile phone manufacturers."
The statement allows that some cases do make it into Chinese courts, but that Chinese companies use a legal gambit called an "anti-suit injunction" that prevents a complainant pursuing similar action in jurisdictions other than China – despite such actions often being necessary to press a case.
Biting the hand that feeds IT © 1998–2022