means and ways
Reading the official Joint Statement of the 30 countries, there are some interesting quotes:
...uneven global implementation of the standards of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) to virtual assets and virtual asset service providers (VASPs) creates an environment permissive to jurisdictional arbitrage by malicious actors...
"Arbitrage" is an interesting word. Used by multi-national traders to make money on the differences between stock markets, commodity markets, and currency markets. Used by tax lawyers to make money reducing the taxes for corporate clients (hello Ireland, hello North Dakota), And used by national governments to influence their friends and rivals for access to markets, commodities, taxes and now virtual currencies.
We will consider all national tools available in taking action against those responsible for ransomware operations threatening critical infrastructure and public safety.
Since "all national tools" includes intelligence, enforcement, diplomacy, and armed forces (not necessarily in that order), the statement essentially draws a line in the sand beyond which any and all "tools" will be used against the malefactors. Naming the issues: "critical infrastructure" and "safety" defines the line. However, may I point out that my "critical infrastructure" (hello Starbucks) is not the same as your "critical infrastructure" (hello food supply chain).
We will leverage diplomacy through coordination of action in response to states whenever they do not address the activities of cybercriminals.
A bit of bureaucratic phrasing, but it means "if you don't go after your cybercriminals, we will go after you". With multi-national coordinated action. See above.
I'm looking forward to hearing about how REvil was taken down.