back to article Huh, it's as if something happened that made people not like CentOS so much

Canonical is cock-a-hoop after Ubuntu snatched first place for OpenStack deployment from the CentOS Linux distribution – but according to some the victory might ring hollow. The finding came from the 2020 OpenStack User Survey, organised by the Open Infrastructure Foundation, which queries respondents on a variety of topics, …

  1. nematoad Silver badge

    It's obvoius.

    "We asked the Open Infrastructure Foundation why it thought CentOS had taken such a dive,"

    Well, if you shit on someone from a great height then don't be surprised if they move.

  2. Anonymous Coward
    Anonymous Coward

    Too much choice?

    As a big Linux fan, I have to (regretfully) ask if there's just too much choice out there in the Linux world?

    Sure...the Windows mono-culture is a pain in the ass.....I left that nightmare twenty years ago. But do we really need umpty-ump desktop distributions?....Umpty-ump server distributions?.....endless arguments about the meaning of the word "free"? .....warfare about the difference between licences (you know GPL2, GPL3, Apache, MIT.......and on and on).

    Can't we get real? Maybe four or five desktop distributions (RHEL, Ubuntu, Fedora, Mint, elementary)? A similar (small) selection of server distributions?

    I don't even mind if MY FAVOURITES don't make the cut!!

    1. John Robson Silver badge

      Re: Too much choice?

      There are too many standards, lets make one standard to rule them all...

      https://m.xkcd.com/927/

      There are only really a handful of package management options, and that, as much as anything else, defines a distribution.

      1. amacater

        Re: Too much choice?

        There are three packaging solutons: tgz/git/build from source - Gentoo/Arch/LFS - .deb - Debian and Ubuntu and derivatives - .rpm - Fedora/RHEL and clones, and SUSE.

        Apt wins dependency management for packages, I think but the others don't always have as many packages to care about anyway.

        Of these for third party packages: .rpm is good for some third party commercial packages too but .deb and the Debian package universe has more or less won everything else.. [See, for example, the relative pain of producing a full bootstrap and rebuild of Rocky/Almalinux onto an ARM system like Raspberry Pi.]

        Add in the horror of Red Hat subscription/license entitlement and .rpm is likely to die out in the long term, IMHO.

        1. John Robson Silver badge

          Re: Too much choice?

          apk also exists, but is pretty niche... so I am not surprised you didn't mention it.

          I wasn't sure what other solutions exist, but rpm/deb/source does seem to cover the vast majority

        2. doublelayer Silver badge

          Re: Too much choice?

          There is Arch's Pacman which now retrieves ZST archives (a fun thing to find out if you ever try to update an old Arch image which lacks the ZST decompressor which is of course available as a ZST archive). There are a few package managers which exist primarily for embedded, including OPKG which has its own format. Although apt/yum and deb/rpm are the most common, there are several alternatives in modern use.

        3. jake Silver badge

          Re: Too much choice?

          Add Slackware's pkgtools to the mix.

      2. jake Silver badge

        Re: Too much choice?

        The nice thing about standards is that there are so many of them to choose from. —Andrew S. Tanenbaum

    2. Pirate Dave
      Pirate

      Re: Too much choice?

      I've been using Linux for slightly longer, but I don't mind the large number of choices. Niche things that scratch itches seem to be a good thing, overall, and show that the environment is still growing and viable. And cutting out "choice" would likely make things worse - witness the current systemd mess that all of the distros (ie - the decision-makers about this kind of stuff) jumped on with both feet, without even giving sysvinit a goodbye kiss. I understand your sentiment about narrowing things down, but I don't know that I'd trust most of the distros to do it "right".

    3. karlkarl Silver badge

      Re: Too much choice?

      Normally I would absolutely say yes. Fragmentation is a problem with open-source.

      However, imagine if CentOS was one of the only choices and it just shat on us ;)

      Turns out, choice (of lifeboat) is good when abandoning sinking ships.

    4. HildyJ Silver badge
      Linux

      Re: Too much choice?

      If you look at the whole survey, Ubuntu, CentOS, and RHEL have a total of 87%. Add #4 Debian at 6% and #5 Microsoft Windows Server at 3% and you're up to 96%.

      Essentially nobody is using the rest for OpenStack work. If, instead of forking, developers tried merging low use projects, there would be more maintenance and development resources for the merged project and users choices would be simplified.

    5. jason_derp Bronze badge

      Re: Too much choice?

      "...there's just too much choice out there in the Linux world?"

      See also: shoes, restaurants, films, serialized shows, clothing, music, languages, car models, currencies, cities, etc. etc. etc.

    6. jgarbo
      Facepalm

      Re: Too much choice?

      Sounds like you assume only one person/group builds all these rebellious distros.That would waste time and energy. But it's not so. At most, a few people/groups build/maintain a couple of aspects. eg Desktops, Browsers, Tools, Multimedia, etc. And again, you're free to choose. I stick with Kubuntu - no big surprises and mostly pleasant. You don't have to try every distro.

    7. jake Silver badge

      Re: Too much choice?

      Actually, there is only one Linux. That would be the kernel.

      When you take that kernel and add the packages that you, personally, need/want, you have a distro. Ideally, all of us should have our own individualized distro ... unless you actually know a person who uses a computer EXACTLY the same way that you do, of course.

      So no, there is not "too much choice" out there ... if anything, there is not enough.

      At this stage of the game, we should be moving away from marching in lock-step, all using the exact same set of tools, and instead customizing systems to suit each and every user. (For example, MeDearOldMum has no need for the kernel source and most dev tools, so I don't install that stuff for her ... the rest of her system is similarly customized).

      Sadly, that would be hard ... and people like the easy way out. So they just use what is given to them, without bothering to think about it. And so many/most are stuck with the systemd-cancer, for example. Including most down-stream distributions, which makes it look like there are too many distros, even though there are really only a few.

      1. werdsmith Silver badge

        Re: Too much choice?

        Depends where you stand. If you are experienced with Linux, choice is great. But if you are trying to get into it then it’s a total pain. It hinders adoption.

        It’s not just distros, it’s also the messing about across releases of the same distro.

  3. Anonymous Coward
    Anonymous Coward

    Not exactly a surprise.

    So yeah. I don't use OpenStack, but I do have a few servers that I needed to upgrade last year, mostly because I want to avoid "the cloud" aka somebody else's computer. I'd been running CentOS, but when I started testing CentOS 8, I discovered that it was absolutely awful. Ok, fine, 7 is still supported for a few years, I'll just use that, it's workable and maybe they'll get their shit together.

    Then the stream thing got announced. Big NOPE from me, these things need to run for years with nothing but security updates, I'm trying to keep my pain in the ass level low.

    And now those servers are running Xubuntu. Yes, with a GUI, my servers have GUIs, because sometimes it's easier to do things with a few clicks, sometimes it's easier to type stuff, and so I do both things. No, they don't boot into wtf-ever they're calling runlevel 5 these days, but if I type startx I want that GUI there, and XFCE is a LOT nicer than the current Gnome horribleness.

    I'm not surprised at all that Red Hat is getting ditched. Now that Rocky Linux is a thing I could go there, but why? It's still got the Red Hat 8 awfulness where things just seem to be broken at random. The only way I'd use it now is if I had some specific project that didn't work on Xubuntu.

    1. Fruit and Nutcase Silver badge

      Re: Not exactly a surprise.

      I too am holding off on 8, and sticking with 7 for my new development machine. Still got 3 years to see how things develop.

      Bailing out of Centos to a RHEL Developer subscription.

      https://developers.redhat.com/articles/getting-red-hat-developer-subscription-what-rhel-users-need-know#

      1. amacater

        Re: Not exactly a surprise.

        A note from IRC last night: for 7, some CVEs are already being marked as WONTFIX ... 7 is on "last few years" support now.

        Not all CVEs are created equal, but you'd hope that they'd all be patched in a distribution where you pay significant $$$ for support

        1. Anonymous Coward
          Anonymous Coward

          Re: Not exactly a surprise.

          Do you have a link or CVE #?

        2. Maventi

          Re: Not exactly a surprise.

          Care to elaborate? That's a pretty big deal and inquiring minds would like to know...

    2. oiseau Silver badge
      Facepalm

      Re: Not exactly a surprise.

      ... and XFCE is a LOT nicer than the current Gnome horribleness.

      Maybe, for the time being.

      But the forecast is rather gloomy.

      With the jump to 4.16 and CSDs you may be in for some of that Gnome stuff you make an undeservedly polite reference to.

      No way I will upgrade my box to Xfce 4.16, I'll pin 4.12 till I find something else that suits me.

      O.

    3. WWWillem

      Re: Not exactly a surprise.

      Interesting, you bailed out of CentOS before moving on to 8. I tried for three years (or more) 7 and decided to not go further and go back to unsupported 6.10 Final. :-(

      Now I currently don't use CentOS as a server OS, but just for my desktops. After so many years (and using it) I still can't stand Gnome 3. I remember being 10 years ago at a RedHat Summit in Boston where the creator announced this refresh. Can't remember his name, but I've hated what he did (not him personally !!) ever since.

      Haven't decided where to go next. Mmm, funny enough CentOS 6.5 seems to have lesser problems for me than 6.10, like a properly working YouTube with sound in FireFox, etc. <g> Doesn't work in 6.10, probably some DRM issue.

  4. John Sturdy
    Linux

    This might reduce the chafing

    A most places where I've worked since both distributions have been around, the people who choose what to put on servers have picked something from the Red Hat family, and the developers have mostly chosen from the Debian family, which has occasionally brought slight incompatibilities to light.

  5. MonsieurTM

    May I point out the obvious as someone who has used CentOS, RedHat, SunOS & Windows in a production environment and developed on them. There is one common feature: CentOS was by FAR the worst experience as a developer.

    Perhaps CentOS was rubbish and people were forced to use it? (As I was.)

    I have also used Suse, Debian, Ubuntu and now use Gentoo/Linux. The latter two I even use at home, when I need most reliability.

    1. standbythree

      Curious about what differences you found between CentOS and RedHat, since they have been (up til now) all but identical.

  6. keithpeter Silver badge
    Boffin

    n = 200...

    ...MOE is going to be around +/-7%

    https://www.surveymonkey.co.uk/mp/margin-of-error-calculator/

    not to mention the systematic error that might be reflected in the halving of the number of participants.

  7. Sloppy Crapmonster

    Freeloaders

    CentOS is literally not fit for purpose now, since CentOS users wanted (and were getting) RHEL without paying RH. I can't blame either side for their positions, but I tend to blame CentOS users more.

    I've been using Debian forever*, though, and Debian wants my help, not my money. I'm looking into adopting a couple of packages that have lost their maintainers.

    *1999 was my first permanent install, so not literally forever

    1. karlkarl Silver badge

      Re: Freeloaders

      Freeloaders is a little bit of a naive assumption.

      I share much of my work for free, as do many others in the open-source community. In turn we do expect others to do similar. These day, the *only* way to get high quality software is through this kind of community process.

      And if they can't (like CentOS seems unable to), they should move aside to make way for a project who can. Preferably they should actually close down to reduce fragmentation too but that is up to them.

      So no, this isn't like the world of Windows or gaming where people just want stuff for free and demand more and more like little fat children. Likely all of us in the open-source community have spent a considerable sum of money (including our time) investing in the ecosystem. I personally have spent vastly more money on open-source than on proprietary software because access to source code *is* worth more and especially since I do not engage with DRM.

      But its fine. The project is forked and we continue with our lives. All it has succeeded in doing is waste a little more of our time recreating the infrastructure and re-organising.

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