Re: HMRC is getting a bigger slice of the pie, but has made the pie smaller.
Contractors who are company directors pay a minimum of 25.8% NICs. They pay Employee's Class 1 NI at the rate of 12% (Earnings above the primary threshold up to and including upper earnings limit) and 2% for Balance of earnings above upper earnings limit, and 13.8% rate the Employer's NI.
But, self-employed who are not incorporated who represent a bigger share of the total number of self-employed, pay 'special' NI rates
- Class 2 if profits are £6,515 or more a year or
- Class 4 if profits are £9,569 or more a year,
and no Employer's National Insurance.
Class 2 attracts payments of £3.05 a week, and Class 4 means that you'll pay 9% on profits between £9,569 and £50,270 and 2% on profits over £50,270.
The data from UK Companies House shows that the vast majority of SMEs pay their directors low salaries - usually lower than the Personal Allowance - and at times millions in dividends, yet they are not targeted by IR35, which defeats its stated purpose to ensure that everyone is paying national insurance contributions.
During this pandemic, HMRC provided no financial support to contractors who are company directors, claiming that the HMRC does not know how much they have paid in taxes, which of course it is a big fat lie, as the SAs provide detailed data on dividends and even on the interest one might earn from savings accounts.
HMRC is not interested in ensuring that workers are not pushed in self-employment by rogue employers. It is always unwilling to catch up with dodgy schemes the likes MOUs, and the UK Companies House enables any crook to record a company with no robust system to check the identity of the directors or the legitimacy of the company.
While The Register is referring mainly to IT contractors, there are many sectors of economic activity where contractors are impacted by the IR 35, from university lecturers to local nurses, GPs and specialist doctors.
IR35 seems to be designed to suppress wages and cater for outsourcing companies, including those that sponsor graduates who are dispatched to third parties, often in the public sector.
In a nutshell: "HMRC is getting a bigger slice of the pie, but has made the pie smaller."