Billing != Action
Plus: They prescribe antibiotics just-in-case it's sepsis or other infection..... false positive on the billing code Billed items require consent, and that is a non clinical decision of a person or insurer...false negatives on the billing code
Seems they're chasing the wrong metric entirely. There won't be many objective useful features to match that against, billing code is *not* one of them.
The metric they should be tracing should be "what decision in hindsight would the doctor make if he had the foresight information?" i.e. what tool could I make that would give the doctor the information NOW, that he will have LATER, so he can make the correct decision now.
Diagnostic-tools not MBA-data-wank tools.
So you could data mine what you have and try to match it to billing codes, i.e. chase the model as it is today and try to replace the clinician in that scenario, to make a slightly less successful model minus the clinician. That's what they're doing here. It's a sales pitch to the accounting-monkeys. "Our algo is better than doctors, so who needs to doctor....spend that money on our crap instead"
Or, you could go look for blood tests, or tissue tests or antibody tests, or something, that indicate the person will likely be susceptible to sepsis.
Or you could even try to find the infection vectors and eliminate those, nip the problem in the bud.
It's a Hancock vs Hippocrates situation.
The first one of these is cost saving dressed up as medicine, the latter two are medicinal.