"Knock us out of the Milky Way and into interstellar space"
But isn't every star in interstellar space?
It's fine though, no one goes to this part of the galaxy anymore.
It has long been known that our Milky Way is on a collision course with the Andromeda galaxy, with the epic prang to take place in four to eight billion years' time. New data suggests we'll hit another galaxy well before that, though, and the super-smash could send our Solar System headfirst on a path out of the Milky Way. Our …
Well, when certain "news" organizations publish, there will be folks running amok like Kermit the Frog and waving their arms and yelling "Oh my God! Oh my Gog". Seems these "news" people run articles every week about a meteor or something coming close and possibly unleashing mass destruction on all of us.
Icon: Couldn't make up my mind whether it should be beer to enjoy while watching these people or the "mad panic" one..... The beer won since it's almost Friday.
What descendants would that be? By the time the LMC arrived there already won't be a habitable Earth any longer.
"The luminosity of the Sun will steadily increase, resulting in a rise in the solar radiation reaching the Earth. This will result in a higher rate of weathering of silicate minerals, which will cause a decrease in the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. In about 600 million years from now, the level of carbon dioxide will fall below the level needed to sustain C3 carbon fixation photosynthesis used by trees. Some plants use the C4 carbon fixation method, allowing them to persist at carbon dioxide concentrations as low as 10 parts per million. However, the long-term trend is for plant life to die off altogether. The extinction of plants will be the demise of almost all animal life, since plants are the base of the food chain on Earth.
In about one billion years, the solar luminosity will be 10% higher than at present. This will cause the atmosphere to become a "moist greenhouse", resulting in a runaway evaporation of the oceans. As a likely consequence, plate tectonics will come to an end, and with them the entire carbon cycle. Following this event, in about 2–3 billion years, the planet's magnetic dynamo may cease, causing the magnetosphere to decay and leading to an accelerated loss of volatiles from the outer atmosphere."
read Larry Niven's excellent novel "A World Out Of Time". The story itself is interesting but a principle plot device in that story is in line with your point. In order to escape the expanding sun, a giant fusion motor was put into the upper atmosphere of Neptune (I think, long time since I last read it) and the resulting massive "pilotable planet" was used to gently move Earth into a "safer" orbit around Jupiter.
That story isn't very clear. Since the LMC is far smaller than the Milky Way, how will it "swell our black hole by a factor of eight and the stellar halo, ... will increase fivefold"?
It may contribute to the halo as yet another star stream like the existing Sagittarius Stream and several others, but it will take a very long time before its core merges with our central black hole - and how can that core be seven times the size of our own?
The increase in size of our central SMBH will not be primarily due to merging with the LMCs central SMBH but due to the increase in infalling material into our SMBH caused by the collision. The Interstellar gas clouds will be compressed, moved around, we'll become a starburst galaxy. Part of this gas will be shoved towards the SMBH and consumed by it, turning it into a Quasar for a while. Cats and dogs will be living together...
The merging of the SMBHs (assuming one of them isn't flung out) will happen later in this period, as the leading edges of the collisions (multiple as the galaxies will interpenetrate each other, right out the other side, then come back in for a second run, maybe a third or fourth coming together) will start the compressing of the gas clouds and the initial increase in infalling material into our SMBH well before any final SMBH mergers.
"Researchers in Durham, England, and Helsinki, Finland, used the Evolution and Assembly of GaLaxies and their Environments (EAGLE) simulator, which can recreate the movements of 10,000 galaxies at a time, to show a cosmic crash with the LMC is coming much sooner than expected."
No they can't, their model is wrong.
There is no mass
There is a resonant electric field in matter:
1. You already know there is a resonant electric field, you've seen the effects in the oscillations and jiggle of electrons and protons.
2. You already know there is an electric force, it's well understood. Those jiggles must either *cause* or be the-result-of such a field.
3. And you can quickly accept resonance with a simple thought experiment: If matter X oscillates at frequency F1, and matter Y oscillates at frequency F2, and two ARE CONNECTED BY ELECTRIC FORCE, then how can they NOT even out those frequencies? How would you prevent that energy from being transferred via that force to *stop* it settling to a resonant value?? So there is a resonant electric field.
Velocity must be spin
4. Suppose this resonant oscillation is up down, for ease of visualizing it. Matter is resonant over this field.
5. If you pushed 5% of that resonant oscillation into the X axis, so that its now rotating +ve X -ve X together with the up down oscillation. The oscillation now turns an extra 5% for each oscillation.
6. To stay in the matching place on the resonant field, it has to move 5% of the wavelength along the X axis.
7. So its velocity is 5% of the wavelength of the resonant oscillation (= W/20).
8. So Velocity runs from 0 to 1 Wavelength per oscillation
9. Since this is the maximum velocity the speed of light is 1W per oscillation of matter. This is where the speed of light comes from.
There is no mass
10. As long matter moves at W/20 velocity, it does no work, it gains or loses no energy.
11. Which means momentum is conservation of energy in the spin
12. Which means momentum is not a function of mass
13. So mass cannot exist
Electric Force propagates infinitely fast.
14. Electric force (causes) resonant oscillation (causes) speed of light.
15. So if the cause chain is in that order, electric force cannot depend on the speed of light to propagate.
Effects of Electric Force *do* propagate at speed of light
16. Electric force distorts the field for the oscillation
17. The oscillation happens, moving the charged particles over the new field, to their new location
18. To pass the effect on, the oscillation must happen, so the *effects* must propagate at speed of light/speed of oscillation.
19. So this is where the magic linkage between force and speed of light happens.
Light is Matter is Light
20. If matter can make light, then light is contained in matter. Not just the energy, the oscillation electric particles must also be from matter.
21. If all of matter can be converted to light, then all of matter is made from those same electric particles that make up light. Nothing more.
22. So there is only 2 fundamental particle, massless one +ve and one -ve.
Velocity of light varies with wavelength
23. If light is moving over the electric resonant field at near C (it cannot move at C, moving a whole wavelength puts it on the same place in the wave as standing still). Then where does its apparent wavelength come from?
24. When two oscillations overlap, the apparent wavelength observed is the sum and difference of the two oscillations.
25. Since the Electro Magnetic Wave must be travelling less than C (see 23), there must be a difference, so there must be a suma and difference.
26. My current estimate for resonant F, and W is W ~ 0.875*10^-15 metres. Making F ~ 3.4x10^23 Hz for this universe.
27. Which makes Gamma rays, 1x10^20hz ~ 99.99% W per Spin, and light at 10^15hz is ~99.9999999% W per spin. Gamma rays should be slower in a vacuum than light.
Matter is > 1.7x10^23 hz.
28. At EM Wave frequency F/2, velocity is C/2.
29. So if you slow light until it's below C/2, its wavelength will be above F/2 and it will be absorbed.
30. Since light is an electric oscillation, it will distort the oscillation resonant field, causing jiggles.
31. Jiggles are heat. This is how light is absorbed by matter and turns into heat.
Time is spins
32. Since every chemical reaction relates to the propagation of forces, and speed of light, it follows that any perception of time is connected to F.... the resonant frequency.
33. Say hello to time.
That is a fascinating series of assertions and I think I understood at least SOME small portion of it. I do, however, have a few questions. Are you saying their model does not account for mass or are you saying that there is no such thing as mass?
Do you have any particular scientific credentials or peer-reviewed corroboration to bolster your argument? Please note I am NOT trying to mock or be sarcastic. Indeed I am attempting to learn something that would definitely be new to me.
"With any galactic collision, there is a chance that solar systems like ours could be severely perturbed and may be hurled out of the galaxy. But the chances are slim, thank goodness."
Why thank goodness? With the galactic centre warming up wouldn't that be the safest place to be? And anyway, who needs a galaxy?
US scientists have discovered that black holes can create as well as destroy, as the observed hot gas emitted from such a void in a dwarf galaxy could have contributed to the birth of stars.
A paper in the science journal Nature reveals how observations made with the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph on Hubble revealed the inner secrets of galaxy Henize 2-10, a distance of around 9 megaparsecs or about 30 million light-years (a parsec being a measure of distance, not time, so sit down Han Solo, let's not go down that black hole).
Lead researcher and Montana State University Physics Department assistant professor Amy Reines found traces of an outflow or bridge of hot gas stretching 230 light-years from the massive black hole to a (relatively) nearby star nursery.
Astronomers have for the first time discovered what looks like a planet outside the Milky Way, judging by a study published this week in Nature.
Over 4,000 exoplanets have been spotted orbiting stars in our galaxy since the early 1990s when scientists confirmed the Solar System isn’t a unique formation.
Our Sun is just one star among the 100 billion or so stars in the Milky Way. Our galaxy, in turn, is just one among the hundreds of billions of galaxies in the universe. It’s only natural to assume therefore that there must be exoplanets circling stars in other galaxies, too, though astronomers have never managed to find one so far away until now.
Never mind memory errors from radiation. Another deteriorating part of the decades-old Hubble Space Telescope has found itself in a jam. This time its camera unit is once again in the middle of a clash between scientists over whether or not the galaxy NGC 1052-DF2 contains any dark matter.
The mysterious substance is thought to be present in all galaxies, holding together glittering stars, swirls of dust and gas, and more, giving the galaxies structure and shape. Dark matter is a crucial component in theories of galactic formation, and finding a galaxy without this hidden stuff, or a very low quantity of it, breaks all the rules. DF2 was heralded as a significant oddball.
A neural network has helped astronomers catalog a whopping 27 million galaxies collected from one of the largest astronomical surveys probing the mysterious nature of dark energy.
The Dark Energy Survey (DES) kicked off in 2013, and aims to snap galaxies and supernovae across an eighth of the Earth's night sky. Although that may not sound like much, the number of objects filling such a region of space – giving us a window onto the universe as far back as when it was just six billion years old, less than half of its age today – is staggering.
If we know the age of each of the galaxies we observe, and know where they are, we can better understand the workings and evolution of our universe. However, cataloging tens or hundreds of millions of galaxies by hand is largely infeasible.
Andromeda sports a ginormous halo of gas with a mass greater than 100 billion Suns that stretches from its outer edges up to two million light-years – a distance that reaches more than halfway to our own Milky Way galaxy.
If the structure was visible to the naked eye, it would appear three times the width of the Big Dipper, said NASA. The gas is made up of plasma and a large sprinkling of stardust shed from dead suns and supernovae. It’s split into two layers: the inner shell is lumpier and more dynamic, the outer shell is smoother and hotter.
Astronomers have spied a tiny galaxy with the lowest oxygen levels yet observed, a discovery made possible thanks to a machine-learning algorithm.
The galaxy, dubbed HSC J1631+4426, contains just 1.6 per cent of the total amount of oxygen locked in our Sun – the lowest levels yet seen, beating the previous record by just a smidgen.
These extremely metal-poor galaxies are rare; they tend to be small, formless dwarf galaxies that contain a small smattering of stars. The lack of heavier elements such as oxygen is a sign that the galaxy is still in its primordial stage.
Deep-learning software has singled out a group of 250 stars in the Milky Way that appear to have been born outside our galaxy. That's according to a research paper published this week in Nature Astronomy.
The oddballs, known collectively as Nyx, were described as a “vast stellar stream in the vicinity of the Sun,” by Lina Necib, first author of the paper [pre-print] and a postdoctoral scholar in theoretical physics at Caltech.
However, unlike our own star, these suns don’t look like they really belong in the Milky Way.
High-energy X-rays emanating from a gigantic black hole rapidly petered out before it roared back to life again, leaving astronomers bewildered.
An international team of scientists have been observing the hole, 1ES 1927+654, for years. It’s estimated to be roughly 19 million solar masses, and is classified as an active galactic nucleus (AGN), which is a particularly bright type of supermassive black hole.
They also observed its corona, which is a ring of hot, energetic particles that reach a billion degrees and is about 100 million light years from Earth. It encircles the hole's event horizon.
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