Civilian actions for civilian actors.
"...yet it's becoming routine for the US government to issue orders that require email providers to keep these types of legal demands secret," Smith said.
"We believe that with rare exceptions...".
This is ANOTHER issue, and preemptively side with Brad S.
Among many paths, what if what is negotiated is a Client Notification Deferral? what if those Deferral Policies or Regulations [which should be a little sub-set] are negotiated with Intelligence Community at the Table?
Those cases which demand Non-Peremptory Secrecy should not be Law-Enforcement ones, ultimately.