So, you'll be needing some sort of capacitor, for quanta in flux..
A group of scientists from Spain’s Institute of Fundamental Physics has made the world just that little bit more weird, proposing a form of quantum entanglement that spans not just space, but time. Physics followers will already be familiar with entanglement across space: two quanta (a pair of photons is a handy example) that …
OK... So if I'm following this right... (Note: Words and phrases in quotes are long scientific explanations boiled down to their cartoon equivalents.)
Said physicist built a tiny virtual "doorway" and rigged it so that any photon that wandered through got "whacked on the noggin with a tiny virtual mallet".
One wanders through, and a bit later, another followed. Then he asked them both at the same time, "How many fingers am I holding up?", and they both said, "Mommy?"... So how does this show time travel?
"Bootnote: As always, I don't mind being told I've slipped up in something as strange as this.….. Richard Chirgwin
Quite the contrary, Richard, that was admirably surefooted.
"After the two interactions, P and F can become entangled without ever interacting with each other – forming a correlation that’s called “past-future entanglement”.
As the paper states, once the correlation exists, “past-future quantum correlations will have to be transferred to the qubits, even if the qubits do not coexist at the same time.”
“Qubit F interacts with the vacuum quantum fluctuations that are correlated with the vacuum quantum fluctuations that qubit P interacted with in the past,” Sabín said. “It's like if the qubits were exchanging ‘virtual’ – as opposed to real – photons, these undetectable particles propagating faster than light that are usually employed in quantum field theory to illuminate the computations.”" ……. Would you dare care deny that is alien creationist field territory? And that which is presently collapsing proven corrupt and discredited false fields of virtual power selfishly and recklessly exercised without virtual control field command …. and seamlessly replacing them with that which is future required for AI Beta Presents …… which are in actuality, Future Product Placements in IT and Media Programs that ReProgram SMARTR Assets to Edutain with Leadership which can be Sublimely Followed via a Mass Universal Change in Consciousness which Stealthily Spontaneously Delivers Increasingly Advanced IntelAIgents Awareness of Applications in and for Qubit Entanglements in Active Crowded Vacuum Space Fields …… with a Parallel AIdDiscipline exercising HyperRadioProActive Cloud Control for Commanding Virtually Real Power Generation of Future Options and Derivative Hedges with Virtual Machine Precision Certainty for New Orderly Worlds out of Clouds Hosting Advanced Operating Systems …… Ordo ab Chao v4.2?
? ….. Oh yes, with Sublime IT Stealth and Immaculate Media Programming is it at least all of that, and a great deal more as will become increasingly apparent over times spent travelling in these illuminating spaces with enlightening virtual places in REST and Great IntelAIgents Games Play.
Indeed, "single quantum systems" can very well span whatever 4-vector you choose. If Alice has one end of an entangled qubit pair, and Bob another, then relative movement between Alice and Bob will be perceived as an arbitrary difference in relative moment-of-time for faraway observers, thanks to the Special Theory of Relativity.
Nature is powerful for keeping track of all possible connections between anything anywhere anytime down to near-infinite detail at every point in spacetime (is that still the cardinality of R?) but tries to avoid fixing herself on any actual value or as long as it can be avoided (as things get larger, it cannot be avoided).
Informatics people, are used to the cardinality of N, try to fix things immediately (if need be by asking the user) and want throw away any detail as fast as possible. This is practically the reverse.
Just to re-explain this article in dumbed-down BBC News terminology...
"Boffins in Spain were one step closer to creating a real Tardis yesterday after moving one atom to two places at the same time. The atoms were then twinned, like Chorleywood and Dardilly in France, to allow scientists to use one of the atoms as a remote control for the other. It's hoped that within five years the technology will allow the Government to eradicate youth unemployment by sending the under-25s into the future to become carers for their future selves, saving the NHS a fortune."
The idea of entangled pairs is that if you measure one, the other is guaranteed to also be in that state when you measure it. There is nothing to say you have to measure them both (i.e. collapse their quantum probability field) at the same time, so in effect there is an across-time correlation already. What this is saying is that you can entangle the pair without ever bringing them together in the same place at the same time, which is clever.
However, what is not that clever is you have no way of knowing what the outcome will be until you measure one. You can't actually force the state of a particle, or pick off a particle with a particular state, until you measure it, and then it's as good as dead. If you could force one particle to adopt a state, then measure the other, you'd at least be able to send a message. But you can't. It is neither a 'remote control' nor a 'particle telegraph'. It's simply a canny way of saying you've rolled one die and can guess the number on the other.
So the alternate interpretation is that there is no quantum indeterminate state - the pair have been fixed all along. The dice were already rolled for you. And until you CAN influence the state of one (and thus the other) there's not much point in having any other interpretation as it doesn't actually do you any good.
First off there is a lot of jingoism surrounding quantum theory, like any techy field. Any sort of interaction with the particle such as you're suggesting - anything that could have a knock-on effect on anything else in the universe - will count as an 'observation'. And observing is 'GAME OVER' as far as quantum states are concerned. Once it's been 'observed' it is no longer entangled. So really they're only entangled whilst both of them are in an unknown state. Which is a novelty, certainly, but useful? Not so far. At least not until someone else has a very bright idea. Or invents the 'Heisenberg Compensator'.
Not until someone invents a way of forcing a known state onto a particle without actually knowing what state that is - which is as contradictory as it sounds whatever level of interpretation you would like to apply. You need to know you've done it but it has to be an unknown known for the other end to only become a known known when you measure it. Actually, I'm sure Donald Rumsfeld could explain it better...
I experience this phenomena all the time when arguing with the wife.
Consider, arguing over a map while trying to get somewhere. She's accusing me of giving her the wrong directions, and I'm arguing a point that I am in fact correct. She refuses to see my point, thus the Point is unobserved.
Only later, when I'm proven correct by a situation which was YET TO HAPPEN does she see (and so Observe) my point. In this case, the point existed both half an hour ago, and half an hour later: it's the same point, but she sees it in a different point-in-time.
Thus I propose that arguments with the wife are in fact evidence of past-future-entanglement.
Not so far fetched, however it would raise significant problems for causality.
However for reasonable energy densities (ie other than hypernovae/black hole merges/etc) the effect would likely be indistinguishable from background noise.
I wonder if this effect can be used to detect a star about to go supernova shortly before it does, by detecting the entangled particle wavefront?
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