happy thoughts vs reality
"Real computers, toys, and the selling to the masses,
Why is the Linux kernel the choice for super computers ?"
Because it is cheap, it's easily customizable to different workloads, HPC folks were familiar with Unix, and (most importantly) it stays out of the way of the custom applications that do the brunt of the work.
"The original DOS was selected because it was incapable of competing against UNIX. IBM was wise."
Ever try to run a Unix system on a 16bit processor with 512K of RAM? I think not. Unix was expensive and was much to large for the hardware. MS-DOS was cheap and ran just fine.
Plus it helped that:
"Oh, that's run by Bill Gates, Mary Gates' son." --- John Opel: IBM President and close personal friend of the Gate's family.
You put the rest of the pieces together.
"NT was chosen by Microsoft because it was not UNIX and they believed it was good enough to be competitive (with Intel's help - oops)"
NT was not 'chosen' by Microsoft. Microsoft hired a bunch of VMS creators and programmers to help them write a new enterprise OS kernel and they wrote NT Microkernel. Once they figured out a Microkernel was a shit design they went with a hybrid approach that formed the basis of what is now the most popular non-embedded OS in existence.
"NEXT was too early"
Next was a decent Unix system with a high-tech windowing system designed to run on overpriced and unmarketable hardware.
Which Apple purchased, along with the CEO, hacked on Next for a few years and eventually cranked out OS X, because Apple could not write a new OS from scratch to save their lives.
"UNIX is the evolutionary predecessor to is non clone Linux (Unix like)"
Unix was hacked together to play video games on a otherwise fairly worthless PDP7 and was designed to be a amusing anti-Multics.
Once it was realized that writing everything assembly was a shitty idea the C programming language was created and Unix was rewritten.
There it languished for a while as a academic toy because AT&T could not sell it because of rules the USA government pushed on them in response for allowing them to maintain government-sanctioned monopoly over the telephone networks.
Then the BSD hackers came along, developed TCP/IP as a error resistant network stack for a military research project, released it as freeware. This turned Unix into a networking powerhouse and lead to it's commercial success.... which went on for a few years until the corporations that licensed the AT&T copyrights then proceeded to around and sue BSD folks.
Unix has been slowly going down the toilet ever since.
"Microsoft is toast because they were never competitive technically"
"Amiga (never marketed well in its functional life)"
Amiga was a proprietary shit OS doomed to failure. It continues to serve as a example of what not to do.
"unix - is dying slowly only because its wild child replacement is still a teenager rebel in the minds of the old school thinkers. (Linux)"
Unix worked best when it was open and people shared. Once it got all proprietary then it splintered and the life of a application developer for Unix turned into shit. Microsoft then ate their lunch.
Now Linux is working because the licenses require everybody to work together and forces people to share.
"Linux became because the world really does need something that works.
Linux is what is found on REAL computers today. go look.
Why else do you think that it... and none of the others, is the largest, fastest moving software project in the history of computing...
Its Linux flexibility and its awesome GPL It will survive its attackers because it has all of the right aspects to survive...
all the rest is marketing."
All the rest is Linux gaining acceptance by the business computing so it can gain the funding and proper developer resources required to make it survive.
Redhat is the best thing that has ever happened to Linux. IBM is a huge asset. HP, SGI, Oracle, etc etc.
Look at Android:
For years people been trying to hack together a acceptable highly mobile version of Linux for phones and other handhelds. It was not until a major USA for-profit corporation took Linux and developed a decent application development environment and showed everybody else in the 'community' how to make a mass marketable Linux-based OS before Linux has gained.
Right now Android is #1 smartphone in the USA. In the past few months it has surpassed even RIM in terms of sales and sits at 33% of the market and RIM with 28%. (Apple is down in the low teens and is losing market share: even with the iphone 4) . It is selling to the tune of 200,000 new Linux systems per day. +800% growth since the same time last year. By this time next year it will only be second to Nokia in terms of world-wide smartphones.
Android and Linux proves that if combine sharing of code and ideas in a open manner (with copyright and patent restrictions nullified as best as possible) with a huge for-profit motivation that business provides you can be hugely successful.
THAT is what Linux needs. Screw marketing: these are _RESULTS_.
Freedom + Profit = Win.